Founded in 1868, Berkeley is the flagship institution of the ten research universities affiliated with the University of California system.
It is often ranked as a top-ten university in the world and the top public university in the United States.
In the highly publicized People's Park protest in 1969, students and the school conflicted over use of a plot of land; the National Guard was called in and violence erupted.
Then governor of California Ronald Reagan called the Berkeley campus "...a haven for communist sympathizers, protesters, and sex deviants".
Originally, military training was compulsory for male undergraduates and Berkeley housed an armory for that purpose. Various human and animal rights groups have conflicted with Berkeley.